Topic 6: Quality Improvement Initiatives and Clinical Prevention Interventions

An example of a quality improvement initiative aimed to improve population health outcomes is an education program aimed to reduce the infant/neonate mortality rate. The education program focuses on educating both the healthcare workers and the mother’s as well. For healthcare providers, the program includes in-service training for the nurses in obstetrics and infant care. This training included educating nurses about early newborn care, lactation, resuscitation of newborns, nasogastric tube feeding, and how to identify and treat malnutrition, jaundice, and seizures for newborns (Fastring et al., 2017). For the mothers, education focused on educating expectant mothers about the importance of ANC and postnatal care visits, newborn care, good nutrition, and how to recognize danger signs and symptoms.  Additionally, education also included education expectant women and lactating women about the risks and dangers associated with smoking, alcohol intake, drug abuse, and poor nutrition (Turienzo et al., 2016). Mothers were also educated on the importance of exclusive breastfeeding, proper hygiene, and contraceptive uptake.  Women would be educated during their ANC visits and after delivery.

The quality improvement initiative was effective in reducing the rate of infant mortality rate and morbidity in the healthcare organization, and the community. This was established after measuring the infant mortality rate before implementing the quality improvement initiative and after implementation of the quality improvement initiative. The infant mortality rate reduced post quality improvement initiative. Additionally, there was increased awareness and increased use of healthcare services among new mothers.

References

Fastring, D., Mayfield-Johnson, S., & Madison, J. (2017). Evaluation of a Health Education Intervention to Improve Knowledge, Skills, Behavioral Intentions and Resources Associated with Preventable Determinants of Infant Mortality. Diversity and equality in health and care, 14(6), 290–295.

Turienzo, C. F., Sandall, J., & Peacock, J. L. (2016). Models of antenatal care to reduce and prevent preterm birth: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open, 6(1).

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Identify a quality improvement initiative that relates to improving population health outcomes for a population with which you are familiar. Have these initiatives been successful? Why or why not?

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