The Growing Nurse Practitioner Workforce in Specialty

Essay Abstract

Advanced practice nurses are nurses who have acquired additional information. They can specialize in different departments or can choose to work in the general environment. Family nurse practitioners are one of the main specialties of an advanced practice nurse. As advanced practice nurses, family nurse practitioners specialize in outpatient services, but they also provide inpatient services in their respective healthcare facilities. Family nurse practitioners play a critical role in the link between health policy and accessibility to healthcare. Family nurse practitioners have leadership roles since they work to effect changes in their operations, and improvement of the type and quality of care provided makes family nurse practitioner leaders. In terms of the Affordable Care Act, the family nurse practitioners’ functions have been made easier through the safe storage of medical records, increased accountability, and the ability to dispense their services to many patients. The Growing Nurse Practitioner Workforce in Specialty Essay

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Introduction

Family nurse practitioners are advanced practice nurses who are highly educated and provide primary care to patients of all ages. They primarily specialize in outpatient services, but they also provide inpatient services in their respective healthcare facilities. They usually offer all types of services other than critically ill patients (Norful et al., 2018). The services they provide are similar to doctors since they are the source of care for numerous patients. Some of the services offered by family nurse practitioners include health examinations, prescription of appropriate medications, and health education. Being highly trained nurses, their services are fundamental to the healthcare system. The theory taught to them in class is applicable in the field, so they dispense their services effectively and result in high-quality services for their patients. Family nurse practitioners have a leadership role in the healthcare sector, demonstrated by their roles to support their fellow nurses and implement the best care possible. The Affordable Care Act has helped increase their accountability and made their work easier while serving their patients.

Analysis

Compare and Contrast 

The actual application of family nurse partitioning adheres to the theory and literature provided in the classroom. According to Norful et al. (2018), advanced practice nurses must be ethical in all their actions, and their primary role is to use their knowledge to save lives. The family nurse practitioner is expected to remain ethical in everything they do, and as they attend to their patients, they should maintain professional boundaries. This ensures they administer their jobs professionally. Recalling the interview, the family nurse practitioner stated that she was required to maintain professionalism, which was the only way to remain ethical. Despite the need to create a positive environment for the families, it is always fundamental to ensure ethical practices and professionalism. Ethics dictate how a nurse should behave irrespective of their level, which means despite a family nurse being an advanced practice nurse, they should always adhere to the established codes of ethics. The code of ethics helps family nurses offer their services to people from different backgrounds without discrimination. According to Poghosyan et al. (2017), discrimination is prohibited. The advanced practice nurse’s leading role is to offer medical services without necessarily basing the service on the ethnic background of a patient and their family. The cultural and ethnic background should be used for helpful purposes only since cultural information affects health outcomes tremendously.The Growing Nurse Practitioner Workforce in Specialty Essay

A family nurse practitioner must have appropriate communication skills. Communication is an essential part of the nursing role. This is the only way a family nurse practitioner gets to understand the problems of the patient. The first step to treating a patient, irrespective of how minor or insignificant the illness might be is identifying the disease’s symptoms and history. To do this, a family nurse practitioner must communicate with the patient to understand how they feel, what symptoms they are experiencing, and whether they have experienced such illness previously. Communication is an essential element of the nursing department (Norful et al., 2018). This is one of the steps involved in the development of a positive health environment for the patient. Other than the patient, a family nurse practitioner needs to communicate with the families of their patients. These are the main stakeholders within the healthcare sector. The ethical codes associated with nursing dictate that nurses should develop a positive relationship with the families of patients and should maintain constant communication at all times (Poghosyan et al., 2017). Involving the families is helpful since this collaboration leads to productivity in terms of the patient’s outcome. While at home, the patient receives immediate assistance from the family. Partnership with the family ensures the patient is well taken care of in and out of the hospital, and family nurse practitioners can make this a reality through communication. Furthermore, communication helps family nurse practitioners understand and identify the patient’s cultural background and any other significant barriers to a positive patient outcome that may arise. Recognizing the cultural background during treatment is crucial since it aids in the development of a treatment plan. By communicating with the patient, a family nurse practitioner identifies the cultural background and develops the best treatment plan that satisfied the patient and their families needs.The Growing Nurse Practitioner Workforce in Specialty Essay

Involving the patient in the treatment plan. According to Rugen et al. (2018), it is paramount to apply the patient in the treatment plan because this makes the treatment approach patient-centered. The healthcare sector has shifted from being centered around the healthcare providers and the health care system itself to being centered around the patients. This change has been instituted to ensure the patients benefit the most since they are the healthcare system’s clients. Family nurse practitioner theory dictates that family nurse practitioners focus on the patient and involve them in the entire treatment process. This consists of availing a list of available treatment methods to the patients and explaining how each treatment works. The treatment process is a collaborative effort, and where collaboration is involved, the patient outcome is always positive. The family nurse practitioner’s role is to treat patients and ensure they have better results, and this is done by involving the patient in the treatment plan. The family nurse practitioner also recommends the best treatment plans for their patients when providing primary care. A list of treatments may be available for treating a specific disorder. Nonetheless, sometimes there can be a best suitable treatment method, and family nurse practitioners can inform their patients and provide them with reasons why the chosen therapy is the best at the moment.

While in their practice, family nurse practitioners are representatives of the healthcare system, which means they advance and strive to accomplish the goals of this system. When developing their individual goals, family nurse practitioners have to ensure they align with the healthcare system. The healthcare sector’s primary purpose is to ensure patients receive the best care possible and have positive patient outcomes (Coombs, 2015). To ensure they advance the healthcare system’s goals, family nurse practitioners maintain their professional standards while working and always strive to guarantee better patient results.

Leadership 

As advanced practice nurses, family nurse practitioners advance their roles as leaders. Being a family nurse practitioner requires a nurse to be a leader at their respective departments. One primary way that family nurse practitioners advance their leadership is by training nurses who want to become family nurse practitioners. Family nurse practitioners are advanced nurses with higher knowledge that enables them to offer better services than ordinary nurses. Typically, family nurse practitioners have more responsibilities than familiar nurses do, and they will often give nurses instructions concerning what they should do when tending a patient. Those who aspire to be advanced nurse practitioners and mainly specialize in being family nurse practitioners will receive appropriate training and support from family nurse practitioners within their healthcare facilities. According to Barnes (2015), a leader’s role is to support followers, and this support may involve training. When family nurse practitioners take on the supportive part and begin training their juniors, they become transformational leaders seeking to see others attain a higher position through additional skills. The coaching and education, advanced by family nurse practitioners are demonstrated by how they coach and advance their patients on how they should live to maintain a healthy lifestyle is an aspect of leadership. Leaders strive to educate those around them because they often have higher knowledge than they do. The Growing Nurse Practitioner Workforce in Specialty Essay

Improvement of the type and quality of care provided makes family nurse practitioner leaders. Family nurse practitioners have advanced knowledge, which is evidence-based, the meaning has been proven to work effectively in the healthcare environment. Using their experience, family nurse practitioners develop an appropriate care plan that guarantees enhancement of the quality of care patients receive. Leaders are responsible for developing programs that favor their clients and ensure the quality of services offered to clients is high and meets their individual needs (Coombs, 2015). At the healthcare facility, the family nurse practitioner works to ensure they create a positive environment that supports positive healthcare outcomes and develop approaches that seek to improve the quality of care patients receive.

Family nurse practitioners have leadership roles since they work to effect changes in their areas of operations. Leaders are the individuals responsible for generating changes in their different areas of operations. In the healthcare system, Family nurse practitioners effect changes through their advanced knowledge and research, as remarked by Barnes (2015). Through these changes, the healthcare facilities become much better. They can enhance quality by implementing strategies they identify with being evidence-based and resulting in better patient outcomes. Advanced practice nurses work to guarantee success within the healthcare system as they acquire adequate information concerning how to conduct research and make appropriate decisions. Family nurse practitioners make decisions that protect their facilities and safeguard the patients to ensure they heal within the shortest time possible and feel comfortable while in hospital.The Growing Nurse Practitioner Workforce in Specialty Essay

Affordable Care Act

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) is a healthcare act signed into law in 2010 by then-President Barak Obama. The bill was formerly recognized as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (French et al., 2016). It was developed to address the problems within the healthcare system of America and make it better. This Act has impacted the role of advanced practice nurses and, more specifically, a family nurse practitioner’s role in several ways.

Health outcomes have increased, and healthcare services have enhanced since Obamacare has made care family nurse practitioners accountable. Accountability has been enhanced by providing Medicare with the ability to change how the family nurse practitioners and hospitals are paid. Instead of paying the hospitals based on the tests and procedures that a patient gets, ACA has changed all this by establishing their payments based on how well a patient receives. Consequently, this has forced hospitals and their family nurse practitioners to collaborate and develop a comprehensive approach. Over the period Obamacare has been in operation, the health outcomes of patients visiting various hospitals have increased, and many have reported patient satisfaction. Family nurse practitioners have been made accountable, which has helped enhance their services further and create comprehensive and holistic high-quality care.

The operations of the family nurse practitioners have been made easier through the safe storage of medical records. Safety has also been enhanced through the use of computerized medical records. The patients’ records can now be stored electronically, which is much safer since they cannot quickly get lost or land into the wrong hands, as noted by BD & Mbah (2020). Storing medical records electronically has enhanced health care outcomes since family nurse practitioners typically share a patient’s information and determine the best treatment for a particular patient. Additionally, a patient can be treated from a different state without having trouble acquiring medical records since they can be easily accessed using the electronic health record. In the past, family nurse practitioners would encounter challenges, as they could not retrieve a patient’s information, especially those coming from a different state. However, with the ACA structure, family nurse practitioners can access a patient’s data, making it more comfortable for them to dispense their services appropriately. The Growing Nurse Practitioner Workforce in Specialty Essay

Family nurse practitioners play a critical role in the link between health policy and accessibility to healthcare. Notably, family nurse practitioners are responsible for delivering healthcare services after the doctors have given their instructions. To address the quality standards within Obamacare, family nurse practitioners receive training to be more accountable in their respective areas of operations. Steaban (2016) remarks that family nurse practitioners dispense their services in the best way possible by creating a positive relationship with the patients and providing them with appropriate information and medication. Consequently, this results in the development of quality healthcare services and increased accountability. Moreover, family nurse practitioners can offer preventive care to the patients, which supplements and enhances safety standards within the healthcare system. Family nurse practitioners are the policy pillars, and ACA provides them with a better chance to offer their services in the best way possible. They improve patient communication and communication with the families of the patients, keeping them updated on the wellbeing of their patients. Family nurse practitioners are also responsible for follow-up services, which help the patient get better, not only as an inpatient but also outpatient.

Conclusion

Family nurse practitioners lay a significant role in the healthcare system and serve as pillars of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Through their advanced knowledge, family nurse practitioners help make the healthcare environment better for patients, and through their actions, they aid in the development of high-quality services. Family nurse practitioners have a leadership role in the healthcare system, advanced through several ways such as coaching and educating patients. They also train nurses who want to increase their knowledge and become advanced practice nurses and make decisions that affect their respective healthcare facilities. Family nurse practitioners’ responsibilities are unlimited, and their contribution to the healthcare environment immeasurable, which makes them essential service workers.

 

References

Barnes, H. (2015, July). Nurse practitioner role transition: A concept analysis. In Nursing Forum (Vol. 50, No. 3, pp. 137-146).

BD, C. M. M., & Mbah, R. E. (2020). The Affordable Care Act (ACA) in the Past Decade. System51.

Coombs, L. A. (2015). The growing nurse practitioner workforce in specialty care. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners11(9), 907-909.

French, M. T., Homer, J., Gumus, G., & Hickling, L. (2016). Key provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA): a systematic review and presentation of early research findings. Health services research51(5), 1735-1771.

Norful, A. A., de Jacq, K., Carlino, R., & Poghosyan, L. (2018). Nurse practitioner–physician comanagement: a theoretical model to alleviate primary care strain. The Annals of Family Medicine16(3), 250-256.

Poghosyan, L., Norful, A. A., & Martsolf, G. R. (2017). Primary care nurse practitioner practice characteristics: barriers and opportunities for interprofessional teamwork. The Journal of ambulatory care management40(1), 77.

Rugen, K. W., Dolansky, M. A., Dulay, M., King, S., & Harada, N. (2018). Evaluation of Veterans Affairs primary care nurse practitioner residency: Achievement of competencies. Nursing Outlook66(1), 25-34.

Steaban, R. L. (2016). Health care reform, care coordination, and transformational leadership. Nursing administration quarterly40(2), 153-163. The Growing Nurse Practitioner Workforce in Specialty Essay

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