Social and School Policies Collaborative Analysis Essay

Collaborative Analysis

The type of policies established by schools determines how the students and the school staff behave. They are created to control the behavior of individuals within the learningenvironment so that the learning environment is supportive of the needs of the student. However, some of these policies may have a moral implication or dilemma in the future, which is why they should be reviewed, and the necessary changes made promptly. In this case, the harassment and violence-based policies adopted by the Minnesota Sample School Board have some dilemmas that will need to be addressed to avoid any problems in the future. The three policies that need to be amended include the inclusion of gender discrimination, elimination of oral complaints, and the inclusion of disciplinary actions for harassment and violence claims that are false Social and School Policies Collaborative Analysis Essay. These policies need to be implemented in the current school policies because they protect students and staff members from actions that may arise in the future.



Analysis of Data

Harassment and violence in schools are not a new concept. Globally, it is estimated that 246 million children experience violence while in school annually (Gender-based violence in schools a significant barrier to the right to education. UNESCO, 2016). The key drivers to harassment and violence within schools include unequal gender norms as well as power relations. School violence is considered a serious problem in the U.S. Based on the results of the last survey concerning harassment and violence in schools, 5.9% of students, mostly those in high school, carried weapons to school. 7.% of the high school students were victims of threats or injury due to these weapons (Parkes et al., 2016). According to the findings of the same research, 5.5% of the students failed to attend school because they felt unsafe Social and School Policies Collaborative Analysis Essay. Parkes(2016) notes that at least 12% of students report having physical violence in the school compound. School staff such as teachers are not off the hook since 7% of teachers have been victims of threat and injury by students not only in elementary school but also in high school. These statistics are expected to grow with more driving forces, such as sexual orientation introduced to schools. As such, it is essential to ensure that students and teachers are protected by the policies within the school, similar to how they are protected when outside the school premises by the constitution.

Analysis of Environment

Gender harassment is a common aspect of the real world. The thought creates that one gender has the right to do something, while the other is not entitled to the same. Harassment within the school can be as a result of gender discrimination created by gender roles and stereotypes. According to Staff (2020), gender discrimination refers to a scenario where an individual is mistreated or treated unfavorably because of their social behavior, such as a person’s non-conformance to the roles assigned to genders, which in most cases is related to the person’s sexual orientation Social and School Policies Collaborative Analysis Essay. Gender discrimination and sexual orientation have been used interchangeably in the constitution where discrimination based on either is prohibited. Sexual orientation can be used as an avenue to bully other students. Copen et al. (2016) describe sexual orientation as the pattern of sexual attraction to either the opposite gender or the same gender. The society has always accepted the opposite gender attraction for eternity. Nevertheless, some people have emerged as having an attraction towards the same gender, such as boys having sexual feelings for boys and girls having sexual feelings. The constitution, as interpreted by the U.S. Supreme Court, has also accepted this type of sexual orientation, which is why the law protects such people (Anzalone, 2016). All the same, not everyone has fully accepted the sexual orientation of same-gender attraction. Considering individuals with such feelings are on the lower side in terms of numbers, they can easily be harassed. In schools, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) students may easily be bully by other students because of their orientation, which can affect them psychologically. In the general policy issued by the Minnesota school board, harassment and violence have only been prohibited based on race, religion, and sexual harassment. This leaves a gap that needs to be filled since it is absurd to assume or ignore sexual orientation among the students. Similar to how the U.S. Supreme Court has protected LGBT individuals by interpreting the law in several cases, the school policy should include gender harassment and provide a detailed explanation for what it entails (Leonard, 2016) Social and School Policies Collaborative Analysis Essay. Including the gender policy within the harassment and violence policy would be following the equal protection law.

Oral complaints can result in false accusations, and the lack of disciplinary action for false accusations can be detrimental. Conflicts are bound to arise when two or more people come together. The school environment is not any different and is vulnerable to conflicts. Nonetheless, these conflicts may result from disliking, among other aspects, which may trigger to act negatively. Schools have recorded several cases of false accusations where a student reports being harassed by a fellow student or a teacher because the student dislikes the other party. All this is catalyzed by the presence or acceptance of oral complaints. According to the current policy, any case related to race, religion, or sexual harassment or violence can be reported orally and, as such, considered a complaint. When this happens, an innocent person can be falsely accused and punished for a crime that was never committed Social and School Policies Collaborative Analysis Essay. In a court of law, oral evidence is not admissible and does not bear much weight like a written document (Graham, 2018). The same policy should be applied within the school. Anyone who thinks they have been harassed or violated in terms of race, religion, or sex can report the case in written format, documented pending investigations. Furthermore, the results of the investigation should determine the punishment. When the investigation reveals that the accusation was made falsely, proper action should be taken. In the court, false accusation is never taken lightly, and the accuser is often charged for such an action. The same concept should be applied to the school policy since it strives to emulate the land’s law. Each reporting document should have a portion that notifies the reporters of the actions facing them if the harassment or violence charges are found to be false Social and School Policies Collaborative Analysis Essay.

Analysis of Focal Groups

The stakeholders offered a fair share of their input concerning the amendments that should be made. Xander, a student, thought that the elimination of the oral reports was a brilliant idea. According to Xander, the brother had been wrongfully accused of sexual harassment by a girl who disliked him. The case was orally reported, and although she apologized to Robert, Xander’s brother was not off the hook yet because he was yelled and threatened by Robert. Xander suggests that a disclaimer be provided against false accusations, which supports developing a policy where those found wrongly and falsely accusing others be punished.

Kyle, a father and an individual with an excellent background in law, thought that introducing the gender policy was a brilliant idea because it was supported not only by the equal protection law but also the equality under the 14thAmendment. Kyle stressed on the Equal Protection Clause of the U.S. constitution, which is an indication that the gender policy deserves to be included in the harassment and violence policy. Frank, who was a school administrator, said that reviewing the policies was important. Most importantly, he suggested that making policies concerning the equal protection law was critical since bullying could be related to sexual orientation Social and School Policies Collaborative Analysis Essay.

Mike, a father of two boys, understood the need to include gender harassment in the policies. He was further concerned about gender identity, which should be a part of the gender policy. Although he did not support the elimination of oral complaints, he quickly suggested that penalties should be included for those making false complaints. Deborah, a mother to a daughter, supported the inclusion of penalties whenever a false claim concerning harassment and violence was made. Unlike Mike, Deborah thought that eliminating oral complaints was a good idea, so she suggested the recording of such complaints. Notwithstanding, she thought gender should be replaced since some students may not confine to the term male or female.


The findings from the data, environmental policies, and views presented by the stakeholders show that the three policies should be included in the policy statement concerning harassment and violence. Introducing these policies would follow the law of the land, the constitution, and it is always paramount to develop policies based on constitutional laws. Gender-based violence is a concern within the U.S., and with the emergence of LGBTs, it is vital to ensure such students are not harassed for what they stand for at any given point Social and School Policies Collaborative Analysis Essay.


Anzalone, C. A. (2016). U.S. Supreme Court Cases on Gender and Sexual Equality. Routledge.

Copen, C. E., Chandra, A., &Febo-Vazquez, I. (2016). Sexual behavior, sexual attraction, and sexual orientation among adults aged 18-44 in the United States: data from the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth. National health statistics reports, (88), 1-14.

Gender-based violence in schools a significant barrier to the right to education. UNESCO. (2016, March 14).

Graham, M. H. (2018). The Original Writing (Best Evidence) Rule: A Primer.

Leonard, A. S. (2016). LGBT Law Notes.

Parkes, J. (2016). The evolution of policy enactment on gender-based violence in schools. Prospects, 46(1), 93-107.

Parkes, J., Heslop, J., Ross, F. J., Westerveld, R., &Unterhalter, E. (2016). A Rigorous Review of Global Research Evidence on Policy and Practice on School-Related Gender-Based Violence. UNICEF.

Staff, F. (2020, June 18). Gender Discrimination: U.S. Supreme Court Cases. Retrieved September 10, 2020, from Social and School Policies Collaborative Analysis Essay.


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