Obesity during Pregnancy Assignment Paper
Many complications may arise during pregnancy due to some of the things that pregnant women do, and especially if they are overweight or obese. Cases of women being overweight or obese have been proved to cause numerous complications during pregnancy, not only to the mother but also to the unborn baby. Therefore, it is essential that women understand how obesity affects pregnancy and some of the ways they could help prevent some of the risks during this period. Obesity describes the case whereby an individual is scientifically proven to have excessive fats throughout his or her body through a body mass index (IBM) test. A person is said to be overweight if their IBM results are between 25.0 and 29.9, whereas a person is declared obese if the measurement falls between 30.0 and 40.0 or above (Lahti-Pulkkinenet, al, 2019). However, there are different classes of obesity between 30.0 and 40.0, although, during pregnancy, every class is a risk factor. A healthy mother results in a healthy baby, which is why it is crucial to understand the risks that face obsessing women, primarily during their pregnancy period. Obesity during Pregnancy Assignment Paper
A significant number of obese women lacks the necessary vitamins to sustain their pregnancy. It is ironic to say that they lack vitamins, whereas they spend most of their time eating. Nonetheless, although the obsess women will eat a lot of food, they will mostly feed on the processed foods and will rarely go for the balanced diet such as fortified cereals as well as fruits, which contain the necessary vitamins for pregnancy. At least forty percent of the obese women are iron deficient, twenty-four percentage lack the adequate amount of folic acid, and four percent are deficient in B12. Folic acid is an essential vitamin that helps reduce the risk of a mother having cardiac problems. Additionally, this vitamin is crucial since it prevents cases of spinal defects for the unborn, as noted by Gaillard (2015). Iron and other vitamins such as calcium help in the growth of the infant and therefore, if they are inadequate, the newborn baby will have complications.
During pregnancy, overweight women have outrageous prospect of having high blood pressure, preeclampsia, as well as blood clotting issues as explained by Lee et, al (2015). High blood pressure refers to the condition when the force of blood in the body as compared to the blood vessel walls is considered higher than its normal flow rate. Conversely, preeclampsia describes the condition that shows that the pregnant woman does not only have a high blood pressure but also signs indicating that some of her body organs are not working as expected, especially the kidney as well as the liver. Subsequently, this condition mostly happens twenty weeks after the pregnancy or to some after the pregnancy. Blood clotting issues occur when the blood clots form in the blood vessels and thus, prevent blood from flowing either partly or entirely depending on how the blood clots have blocked the vessels. Obesity during Pregnancy Assignment Paper
Obese women may develop more complications, especially during the last days of the pregnancy such that their pregnancy surpasses the due date. Due to the high body fat percentage in these women, they may end up going past the expected delivery date, which is contrary when it comes to women considered to have the required or right weight during the pregnancy period (Hanson et, al, 2017). Additionally, this body fat results in these women experiencing challenges with anesthesia, which is the medicine administered by the doctor to prevent the patient from experiencing pain. Also, other than surpassing their delivery date, these women experience more pain not only during labor but also when giving birth. Some of the obese women may also experience miscarriages as well as stillbirths either before or after the twentieth week.
According to Ma et, al (2016), women can avoid all these complications through having a preconception checkup before the pregnancy. Moreover, such women can develop a good relationship with their medical practitioners so that they are given the right tips on how to eat healthy diets and remain physically active by engaging in physical exercises that help reduce the body weight. For obese women during pregnancy, it is recommendable that they get frequent prenatal care. Furthermore, it is advisable that such women avoid dieting because it could result in the child lacking some vital nutrients. Obesity during Pregnancy Assignment Paper
Gaillard, R. (2015). Maternal obesity during pregnancy and cardiovascular development and disease in the offspring. European Journal of Epidemiology, 30(11), 1141-1152.
Hanson, M., Barker, M., Dodd, J. M., Kumanyika, S., Norris, S., Steegers, E. … & Yang, H. (2017). Interventions to prevent maternal obesity before conception, during pregnancy, and postpartum. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, 5(1), 65-76.
Lahti-Pulkkinen, M., Bhattacharya, S., Wild, S. H., Lindsay, R. S., Räikkönen, K., Norman, J. E., …& Reynolds, R. M. (2019). Consequences of being overweight or obese during pregnancy on diabetes in the offspring: a record linkage study in Aberdeen, Scotland. Diabetologia, 1-8.
Lee, K. K., Raja, E. A., Lee, A. J., Bhattacharya, S., Bhattacharya, S., Norman, J. E., & Reynolds, R. M. (2015). Maternal obesity during pregnancy associated with premature mortality and major cardiovascular events in later life. Hypertension, 66(5), 938-944.
Ma, R. C. W., Schmidt, M. I., Tam, W. H., McIntyre, H. D., & Catalano, P. M. (2016). Clinical management of pregnancy in the obese mother: before conception, during pregnancy, and post-partum. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, 4(12), 1037-1049. Obesity during Pregnancy Assignment Paper