Electrolyte Imbalance Essay

Electrolyte Imbalance

Write a paper on electrolyte imbalance. Focus and identify abnormal issues and reporting them to the MD immediately. Issues explored are electrolyte imbalance, cardiac issues, and other complications or possible complications for the patient. Write our someone CMP result: (attached) and state what imbalance there are and what you would look for as well as how you would correct a high and low. How do you monitor for highs and lows? Why?

 

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Electrolyte Imbalance

Electrolytes are body nutrients that can take up a charge, either positive or negative. These have biochemical functions including: heartbeat regulation, balancing body fluid, regulation of muscles, blood clotting, maintaining stable blood pressure levels, cell division, suppressing anxiety, and nerve control. Calcium, chloride, magnesium, potassium, sodium, and phosphate are the most common electrolytes in the body. These minerals are obtained from consuming a variety of foods and drinks putting your diet at the centre of electrolyte imbalance. The chemicals are lost through bathing, physical exercise, sweat, and urine.Electrolyte Imbalance EssayElectrolytes possess an electrical charge hence the name. An upset in the set ranges for electrolytes causes uncomfortable and sometimes fatal conditions like anxiety and dehydration.

Abnormal Issues That Come With Electrolyte Imbalance

Electrolyte Imbalance

It is important to note that electrolyte imbalance can be diagnosed across different patient categories. A middle aged athlete and an old diabetic both stand equal chances of suffering from the imbalance, thirsty adults and children suffering from diarrhea alike(Giordano et al. 2016). The chemical imbalance manifests in several symptoms.These include confusion, constipation, dizziness, dark urine, fatigue, fever, high pulse rate, sunken eyes, or even mental uncertainties like hallucinations.Electrolyte Imbalance Essay

Cardiac Issues Related to Electrolyte Imbalance

Calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium are directly involved in heart pumping. Anxiety and stress have a potential of upsetting the electrolyte balance in the body. This is because the chemicals, hormones, the body releases in these conditions go right into the bloodstream causing electrolyte imbalance (Giordano et al. 2016). The American Heart Association states that potassium imbalance is the most common electrolyte imbalance. The imbalance is reflected in cardiac muscles when they fail to contract and expand as required (Addo, 2016).Typically very high or very low levels of electrolytes cause hypertension and in extreme cases death.

Other Complications Associated With Electrolyte Imbalance

Electrolyte imbalances can stale muscle contraction and relaxation making voluminous blood to accrue in blood vessels resulting in blood clots. Clots that move to the brain result in stroke while those that move to the lungs cause pulmonary embolism (Giordano et al. 2016).Electrolyte Imbalance EssayUntimely diagnosis of electrolyte imbalance puts patients at risk of: convulsions, overheating, shock, swelling of the brain, unconsciousness, and coma.

Diagnosing Electrolyte Imbalance

Nurses conduct a simple blood profile to detect electrolyte imbalance (Addo, 2016).

Normal levels for common electrolytes

Calcium: 2.20-2.55 mmol/L

Chloride: 97–107 mEq/L

Sodium: 134-145 mEq/L

Potassium: 3.5-5.0 mmol/L

Magnesium: 0.70-0.95 mmol/L

Phosphorus: 0.8-1.3 mmol/L

CMP interpretation

Hyper-glacemia- high serum glucose

Hypocreatinuria- low serum creatinine levels

Hypocalcemia- low calcium levels

Hypoprotenuria- low protein levels

Correcting Electrolyte Imbalance

Fixing High and low electrolyte levels is an almost immediate step. Some of the means of correcting electrolyte levels are:

Optimum water consumption- Significantly low body fluid levels can offset the electrolyte balance. Dehydration is a major cause of high electrolyte levels (Addo, 2016). Drinking sufficient water is critical in maintain the chemical balance.

Counterchecking medications- certain medications are responsible for electrolyte imbalance. Such medications include chemotherapy, diuretics, and some laxatives, among others (Giordano et al. 2016).The nurse should adjust the medications urgently.

Stress reduction- Stress highly imparts electrolyte levels. Engaging in physical exercise, yoga, cooking, and nature activities help reduce stress thus balancing electrolytes.

Electrolyte solutions- in extreme cases, electrolyte solutions may be administered to regulate electrolyte levels. Electrolyte Imbalance Essay

How to Monitor for Highs and Lows

An electrolyte panel is necessary to determine the levels of electrolytes in the body. Body fluids such as blood and urine are used for diagnosis (Addo, 2016). The tests are carried out and recorded at intervals.

 

Why Monitor for Highs and Lows?

Electrolyte imbalance can be uncomfortable and in some cases fatal.Electrolyte imbalances can be used to diagnose and monitor medical conditions in organs such as kidneys, lungs, and the heart. The anion gap, calculated from cation and anion electrolyte differences, is used some metabolic and respiratory disorders.Electrolyte Imbalance Essay

References

Addo, J. K. (2016). Electrolyte Imbalance: Potassium, Magnesium, Calcium and Phosphorous. In Clinical Pathways in Emergency Medicine (pp. 637-650).Springer, New Delhi.

Giordano, M., Ciarambino, T., Castellino, P., Malatino, L., Di Somma, S., Biolo, G., …&Adinolfi, L. E. (2016). Diseases associated with electrolyte imbalance in the ED: age-related differences. The American journal of emergency medicine, 34(10), 1923-1926  Electrolyte Imbalance Essay

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