Which of the following is NOT a major subfield of anthropology in the United States?
Question 1 options:
Which area of anthropology aims to solve specific practical problems in collaboration with governmental, non-profit, and community organizations?
Question 2 options:
Which of the following does NOT describe culture?
Question 3 options:
It can change in response to both internal and external factors
It is a set of beliefs, practices, and symbols that are shared
It is learned from other members of a society or subgroup
It is the genetic range of a society or subgroup
What is ethnocentrism?
Question 4 options:
It is the belief that Western cultures are superior to Eastern cultures
It is the belief that one's own culture is better than others
It is the belief that all cultures can be organized from best to worst
It is the belief that only one culture exists
The study of human origins, evolution, and variation is known as
Question 5 options:
A cultural anthropologist studying the meaning of marriage in a small village in India might consider local gender norms, existing family networks, laws regarding marriage, religious rules, and economic factors. This is an example of
Question 6 options:
Cultural relativism argues that we should seek to
Question 7 options:
distinguish distinct differences between all human cultures
understand another person's beliefs and behaviors from the perspective of their culture rather than our own
live amongst multiple cultures throughout one's life
study cultures through an ethnocentric lens
What is the term for the process of participant-observation fieldwork in cultural anthropology?
Question 8 options:
To which of the following does ethnography NOT refer?
Question 9 options:
Novels written by cultural anthropologists
Descriptive accounts of culture
The research method of cultural anthropologists
Anthony Kwame Harrison argues that anthropology places taken-for-granted notions of progress within the broader context of human culture. What example does he give of a taken-for-granted notion of progress?
Question 10 options:
The globalization of industry
The increasing number of razor blades
The domestication of animals
The decreasing number of private universities
What phrase does Bob Myers use to encourage his students to appreciate that anthropology happens all around them?
Question 11 options:
"Have an anthropological weekend"
"Research your genetic history"
"Visit the zoo"
"Describe your own culture"
The authors mention many reasons for telling stories within a society. They identify all of the following reasons EXCEPT
Question 12 options:
teaching a moral lesson to children
preserving ways of life
keeping members glued to storytelling devices, such as televisions
acting as a form of social control over activities that are not allowed
How does a fable become a tradition within a culture?
Question 13 options:
By being retold and accepted by others in the community
If it is a tall tale or folktale
By individual members of the society experiencing parts of the fable first-hand
If it is made into a television show or movie
What does the notion of The Other mean to anthropologists?
Question 14 options:
It is term that refers to alien worlds and imagined people from distant planets
It is a term that describes people whose customs, beliefs, or behaviors are different from one's own; an outsider or stranger
It is a term that refers to people who are just outside one's social circle, such as people who try to fit in to certain cliques but are not accepted
It is a term that expresses the idea that each individual has two aspects in conflict; the good and bad parts of a person
According to the authors, in the story of Gulliver's Travels, which character(s) becomes The Other?
Question 15 options:
The Lilliputians only
Both Gulliver and the Lilliputians
The author, Jonathan Swift
What is armchair anthropology?
Question 16 options:
An approach to the field that privileges fieldwork over theory
An approach that uses the stories and experiences of others to measure other cultures from one's own (superior) vantage point
The anthropology of furniture through the ages
The branch of anthropology that studies only those people and cultures at "arm's length"
The idea that one's own group is better than any other is called
Question 17 options:
"That complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society" is Tylor's definition of
Question 18 options:
"Going native" means that an anthropologist
Question 19 options:
teaches the local people about the superiority of the fieldworker's own culture and religious beliefs
participates more fully in local life than an observer, becoming romantically or sexually involved with Native people and/or taking on leadership roles in society
undertakes participant-observation wearing only a loincloth and face paint
wears the tribal tattoos of the locals
Which of the following best describes the relationship between cultural relativism and ethnocentrism?
Question 20 options:
Ethnocentrism emphasizes understanding from an insider's view, and cultural relativism judges other cultures from an outsider's view
Ethnocentrism and cultural relativism both allow for an unbiased understanding of culture
Cultural relativism ignores the differences between cultures, while ethnocentrism focuses on the differences between cultures
Cultural relativism emphasizes understanding from an insider's view, and ethnocentrism judges other cultures from an outsider's view
In anthropology, the process of learning culture as it is transmitted by others is called
Question 21 options:
Clifford Geertz, a post-modern anthropologist, stressed the importance of
Question 22 options:
ethics in anthropological research
social institutions and how they help shape cultural understandings
language, as a means of transmitting symbolic knowledge in public contexts
how individual psychology creates patterns of cultural behavior
The American Anthropological Association's (AAA) Code of Ethics specifies all of the following guidelines EXCEPT
Question 23 options:
complete research by any means necessary
make your results accessible
obtain informed consent and necessary permissions
do no harm
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